Invisible lines of connection run through all our lives, knitting them together. Those lines burned brightly for me yesterday, when I met John Buck’s daughter and grand-daughter.
Elisabeth & John fashion a firefly cage in Papua New Guinea.
The Bucks spent a lifetime together researching fireflies
John Buck (1913-2005) was a towering figure in firefly science. He dedicated his life to deciphering how these luminous creatures manage to control their flashes, aided in his research by Elisabeth, his wife of 65 years. Deeply fascinated by firefly synchrony, they traveled to Southeast Asia to study how thousands of males manage to match up their rhythms. Continue reading
I’m honored to be giving a keynote talk at the upcoming International Firefly Symposium in Taipei next April! Held every three years, this meeting gives firefly scientists and enthusiasts from all over the world a chance to gather and discuss the latest finding on firefly biology and conservation. Taiwan boasts more than 50 different firefly species, and has emerged as a leader in firefly conservation and habitat restoration.
Meeting participants hail from 22 countries, including Thailand, Japan, China, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Australia, Vietnam, Laos, Sri Lanka, Belgium, Côte d’Ivoire, Mongolia, India, and Indonesia.
I’ll be speaking about “Emerging Directions in Firefly Research” – you can check out the other keynote speakers here.
Natural selection is based on the struggle for survival, but sexual selection is driven by the struggle for reproductive opportunity. And sexual selection turns out to be quite a powerful evolutionary force – it’s the reason we can enjoy such melodious birdsong, extravagant peacock tails, gigantic deer antlers, and such spectacular firefly flashes!
We know that fireflies give bioluminescent courtship signals, but firefly sex goes way beyond flashing. While mating, many male fireflies give the female a spermatophore, which is an elaborate, sperm-containing package. This firefly “nuptial gift” represents a hefty male investment that’s entirely home-made: it takes several glands to manufacture each gift. Until recently, though, we’ve been largely in the dark about the composition of these mysterious gifts.
Some firefly males give nuptial gifts (they’re actually really tiny)
Many readers have spoken out against the commercial harvesting of wild fireflies in China, and nearly 10,000 people have signed a petition calling for a ban on such activity. In October 2016, The International Firefly Scientist Network wrote to the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection expressing our concerns about the negative impact of commercial harvesting on firefly biodiversity in China.
Wild fireflies in China (photo by FU Xinhua)
Traditional Chinese song
Last week, we received a very thoughtful and encouraging response from Mr. CHENG Lifeng, Director General of the Biodiversity Conservation Office. I’m delighted to share with you the following excerpt: Continue reading
Following a summer of scorching drought, wildfires have ravaged parts of the southeastern United States. Last month, a devastating fire burned out of control through Gatlinburg, Tennessee.
Chimney 2 forest fire burns in the Smoky Mountains (Nov 2016)
From its starting point in the Great Smokies National Park, the fire exploded into an inferno fanned by strong winds. For days, hundreds of firefighters battled the blaze. The Sevier County mayor called the combination of wind and dry tinder a “once-in-a-lifetime event…a perfect storm.” By the time they finally extinguished the fire, the charred landscape stretched across 17,500 acres. Fourteen people lost their lives, and nearly 200 were injured. Tens of thousands were forced to evacuate, and over 2400 homes and businesses were destroyed.
Each autumn the world seems aglow with foliage and jack-o-lanterns. But they’re not the only glowing things lighting up this season. Fall is also a great time to spot the crawling, glow-in-the-dark stage that all juvenile fireflies pass through.
Glowing firefly larvae (left) and pupae (photo by Siah St. Clair)
Hatched from eggs laid during summer months, these firefly larvae can now be seen crawling along roadsides or wooded paths, glowing dimly from two tiny lanterns. Photuris and Pyractomena larvae are the two types seen most often in the U.S. But one reader in Portland, Oregon even spotted the much rarer Douglas fir glow-worm, Pterotus, along a path in Mt. Tabor Park. Continue reading
We can sense the change all around us – Earth’s climate is shifting. Our summers are getting hotter, and precipitation patterns are getting more extreme. But climate change doesn’t just affect human beings. It’s a game-changer for all of Earth’s living things. So maybe you’re wondering – how will fireflies react to such fundamental changes?
Everyone knows Earth’s temperature is rising. You’ve probably noticed that many flowers have now started to bloom earlier. So it’s not surprising that fireflies may also start “flowering” earlier. Like many seasonal creatures, fireflies depend on local soil and air temperatures for cues about when to emerge. With warmer temperatures, firefly eggs and larvae can grow more quickly and so will become breeding adults sooner. This already seems to be happening in at least one firefly species.